Prevention of mother to child transmission
HIV can be transmitted from an HIV-positive woman to her child during pregnancy, childbirth and breastfeeding. Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), which is also referred to as ‘vertical transmission’, accounts for the vast majority of new infections in children. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) provide antiretroviral treatment (ART) to HIV-positive pregnant women to stop their infants from acquiring the virus.The World Health Organization (WHO) promotes a comprehensive approach to PMTCT programmes which includes:
- Preventing new HIV infections among women of childbearing age
- Preventing unintended pregnancies among women living with HIV
- Preventing HIV transmission from a woman living with HIV to her baby
- Providing appropriate treatment, care and support to mothers living with HIV and their children and families.
2.3 million HIV infections were discovered globally. Large part of the population discovered with HIV infection discovered was in their reproductive stage and the men and women diagnosed with HIV were likely to want children. Perinatal transmission of HIV, also called as Vertical Transmission, occurs when HIV is infected from HIV-positive women to her baby during pregnancy, labor and delivery or breastfeeding. The percentage of transmission ranges from 15 to 45% during pregnancy, labor and delivery. The rate of transmission increases to additional 35 to 45% when there is breast feeding by the mother to child. The transmission rate depends on the type of STD and the mode of transfer.
- Track 1-1 Maternal or Infant Antiretroviral Drugs
- Track 2-2 Prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT)
- Track 3-3 Voluntary Counselling and Testing
- Track 4-4 STD affects during pregnancy
- Track 5-5 Replacement Feeding
- Track 6-6 Early Infant diagnosis