Infertility & Birth Defects

Abnormal development of the fetus resulting in death, malformation, growth retardation, and functional disorders is defined as birth defects. Approximately 150,000 babies are born each year with birth defects. Birth defects, including low birth weight babies, are the leading cause of infant mortality. Chlamydia, among the most common sexually transmitted diseases, affects an estimated 100,000 pregnant women each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In fact, it's one of the leading causes of infections affecting newborns' eyes and respiratory system. Exposure to the bacteria during childbirth could lead to infection of the respiratory tract, causing infant pneumonia. While some types of birth defects have decreased, mainly through preventive methods, many have increased. According to a CDC study of 38 types of birth defects occurring over the period 1979-89, 27 had increased, including several cardiac defects, chromosomal defects such as trisomy 18, and fetal alcohol syndrome; 9 had remained the same; and only 2 had decreased.Premature birth of the baby which happens before 37 weeks of the pregnancy.Birth defects which is the abnormal shapes and function of the baby.


  • Track 1-1 Chromosomal abnormalities
  • Track 2-2 Mutations
  • Track 3-3 Functional abnormality
  • Track 4-4 Affect of teratogens
  • Track 5-5 Altered metabolism
  • Track 6-6 Premature birth
  • Track 7-7 Poor growth
  • Track 8-8 Poor growth
  • Track 9-9 Mental retardation
  • Track 10-10 Genetic disorder
  • Track 11-11 Low birth weight

Related Conference of Infectious Diseases