HIV/AIDS & STI Syndromes

The syndromic approach is an important tool in the control of STIs and their sequelae, management by syndrome alone is inadequate because infections with important pathogens such as Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae may be present without any symptoms or findings. It is crucial to recognize syndromes that may be caused by one or more sexually transmitted pathogens and in managing STIs, diagnosis by syndrome and laboratory diagnosis by testing for specific organisms are both important and complementary. Diagnosis of a syndrome according to standard criteria predicts the likelihood that a specific pathogen or pathogens is/are present and thus facilitates initiation of appropriate empiric treatment at the first visit rather than deferring treatment until there is microbiological confirmation. WHO has developed simple flowcharts (also called algorithms) to guide health care providers in using the syndromic approach to manage seven syndromes.


  • Track 1-1 Hepatitis(Inflammation of Liver)
  • Track 2-2 Prostatitis(Inflammation of Prostate)
  • Track 3-3 Sexually transmitted infection(STI)-related enteric infections
  • Track 4-4 Cervicitis(Inflammation of Cervix)
  • Track 5-5 Urethritis(Inflammation of Urethra)
  • Track 6-6 Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

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